I assume you are asking about "data transfer" speeds/rates
Instead of talking theoreticals, may I recommend you just run a few actual performance benchmarks for your particular configuration for whatever formats work on your drive? That way you get information specific to your situation.
However, depending on how you plan to use the drive, you may find you are restricted to a specific format(s).
In addition, certain formats will restrict what you can put on the drive and that may be very important to you. See
For performance, I've found cluster allocation size to be more important than what type of formatting was specified.
It's very easy to do your own benchmarking and should only take 20-30 minutes.
You may wish to turn off any real-time anti-virus protection and other un-needed processes (e.g. internet) while running the benchmarks as they may
affect benchmark execution.
Warning! WRITE benchmarking can delete some or all existing data on a drive
and any data should be backed-up before using WRITE benchmark tools. Since you will be doing this on a freshly formatted drive(s), that shouldn't be an issue.
Format#1 the drive, run the benchmarks of interest to you.
Format#2 the drive, run the benchmarks, compare.
Format#3 the drive, run the benchmarks, compare.
A decent easy to use drive benchmark comparison tool is HDspeed.